Sunday, 31 March 2013

Optimist / Optimism

An optimist is like a kettle – up to its neck in hot water, and still whistling. - Unknown

An optimist is one who makes the best of it when he gets the worst of it. - Unknown

An optimist is the human personification of spring. - Susan J. Bissonette

I always like to look on the optimistic side of life, but I am realistic enough to know that life is a complex matter. - Walt Disney

I have become my own version of an optimist. If I cant make it through one door, Ill go through another door – or Ill make a door. Something terrific will come no matter how dark the present. - Rabindranath Tagore

It doesnt hurt to be optimistic. You can always cry later. - Lucimar Santos De Lima

One of the things I learned the hard way was that it doesnt pay to get discouraged. Keeping busy and making optimism a way of life can restore your faith in yourself. - Lucille Ball

Optimism is a happiness magnet. If you stay positive, good things and good people will be drawn to you. - Unknown

Optimism is essential to achievement and it is also the foundation of courage and true progress. - Unknown

Optimism is not the result of blinding oneself to problems, but of always believing there is a solution. - Unknown

Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. - Helen Keller

Optimism, unaccompanied by personal effort, is merely a state of mind and not fruitful. - Unknown

Put on the glasses of optimism and you will see a world of potential. - Unknown

Stick with the optimists. Its going to be tough enough even if theyre right. - James Reston

Saturday, 30 March 2013

Lies / Lying

A concealed truth, that's all a lie is. Either by omission or commission we never do more than obscure. The truth stays in the undergrowth, waiting to be discovered. - Josephine Hart

A good man will not lie, although it be for his profit. - Cicero

A good memory is needed once we have lied. - Pierre Corneille

A great lie is like a great fish on dry land; it may fret and fling, and make a frightful bother, but it cannot hurt you; you have only to keep still and it will die of itself. - George Crabbe

A lie ... is often the mirror image of the truth; by examining it carefully, you can reconstruct the fact that lie was designed to conceal. - K. J. Parker

A lie can travel halfway around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes. - Mark Twain

A lie has no legs, and cannot stand; but it has wings, and can fly far and wide. - Chinese Proverb

A lie is a very short wick in a very small lamp. The oil of reputation is very soon sucked up and gone. And just as soon as a man is known to lie, he is like a two-foot pump in a hundred-foot well. He cannot touch bottom at all. - Henry Ward Beecher

A lie is like a cat: You need to stop it before it gets out the door or it’s really hard to catch. - Charles M. Blow

A lie is like a snow-ball; the longer it is rolled, the larger it is. - Martin Luther

A lie may take care of the present, but it has no future. - Croft M. Pentz

A lie never lives to be old. - Sophocles

A lie should be trampled on and extinguished wherever found; I am for fumigating the atmosphere when I suspect that falsehood, like pestilence, breathes around me. - T. Carlyle

A lie stands on one leg, truth on two. - Benjamin Franklin

A lie told often enough becomes the truth. - Vladimir Lenin

A lie will easily get you out of a scrape, and yet, strangely and beautifully, rapture possesses you when you have taken the scrape and left out the lie. - Charles Edward Montague

A lie would have no sense unless the truth were felt as dangerous. - Alfred Adler

A single lie can make all your truths questionable. - Unknown

A single lie discovered is enough to create doubt in every truth expressed. - Unknown

A small lie, if it actually is a lie, condemns a man as much as a big and black falsehood. If a man will deliberately cheat to the amount of a single cent, give him opportunity and he would cheat to any amount. - E. H. Chapin

Above all, don’t lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lie comes to a point that he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others. And having no respect he ceases to love. - Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Any fool can tell the truth, but it requires a man of some sense to know how to lie well. - Samuel Butler

He who permits himself to tell a lie once finds it much easier to do it a second and third time till at length it becomes habitual. - Thomas Jeffeson

He who tells a lie is not sensible of how great a task he undertakes; for he must be forced to invent twenty more to maintain that one. - Alexander Pope

If one cannot invent a really convincing lie, it is often better to stick to the truth. - Angela Thirkell

If you lie too often and get away with it, you will trap yourself in a world of self-deception. - Unknown

It is the patriotic duty of every man to lie for his country. - Alfred Adler

Lying increases the creative faculties, expands the ego, and lessens the frictions of social contacts. - Claire Booth Luce 

Lying is the most simple form of self-defence. - Susan Sontag

Never chase a lie. Let it alone, and it will run itself to death. - Lyman Beecher

Oh, what a tangled web we weave, When first we practice to deceive! - Sir Walter Scott

People will more easily fall victim to a big lie than to a small one. - Adolf Hitler

Sin has many tools, but a lie is the handle which fits them all. - Oliver Wendell Holmes

Someone who knows too much finds it hard not to lie. - Ludwig Wittgenstein

There is no sickness worse for me than words that to be kind must lie. – Aeschylus

There is no worse lie than a truth misunderstood by those who hear it. - William James

Truly, to tell lies is not honourable; but when the truth entails tremendous ruin, to speak dishonourably is pardonable. - Sophocles 

Without lies humanity would perish of despair and boredom. - Anatole France


Everyone is motivated a little or a lot to do something or nothing. Motivation is the internalized drive toward the dominant thought of the moment. By definition, motivation is motive in action. - Denis Waitley

Motivation is everything. You can do the work of two people, but you cant be two people. Instead, you have to inspire the next guy down the line and get him to inspire his people. - Lee Iacocca

Motivation is like food for the brain. You cannot get enough in one sitting. It needs continual and regular top ups. - Peter Davies

One very important aspect of motivation is the willingness to stop and to look at things that no one else has bothered to look at. This simple process of focusing on things that are normally taken for granted is a powerful source of creativity. - Edward De Bono

People who are unable to motivate themselves must be content with mediocrity, no matter how impressive their other talents. - Andrew Carnegie 

Some days it’s hard to find motivation. Some days motivation finds you. - Unknown

Friday, 29 March 2013

Quote Worthy

There are many things that go to make up an education, but there are just two things without which no man can ever hope to have an education and these two things are character and good manners. - Nicholas Butler

Forgiving does not erase the bitter past. A healed memory is not a deleted memory. Instead, forgiving what we cannot forget creates a new way to remember. - Lewis B. Smedes 

The great man does not think beforehand of his words that they may be sincere, nor of his actions that they may be resolute – he simply speaks and does what is right. - Mencius

How is it that our memory is good enough to retain the least triviality that happens to us, and yet not good enough to recollect how often we have told it to the same person? - Duc de La Rochefoucauld

Tomorrow a stranger will say with masterly good sense precisely what we have thought and felt all the time, and we shall be forced to take with shame our own opinion from another. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Thursday, 28 March 2013


A candle loses nothing if it is used to light another one. - Unknown

A man should learn to detect and foster that gleam of light which flashes across his mind from within far more than the lustre of the whole firmament without. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of being. - Carl Jung

At the darkest moment comes the light. - Joseph Campbell

At times, our own light goes out and is rekindled by a spark from another person. Each of us has cause to think with deep gratitude of those who have light the flame within us. - Unknown

Be a light unto the world, a standard to others. You can live in the world and not partake of the sins of the world. You can live life joyously, beautifully, unmarred by the ugliness of sin. - Ezra Taft Benson

Every man as well as every day has its lights and shades. - Winfield Scott

Firelight will not let you read fine stories but it’s warm and you won’t see the dust on the floor. - Irish Proverb

Give light, and the darkness will disappear of itself. - Desiderius Erasmus

He whose face gives no light, shall never become a star. - William Blake

How far that little candle throws his beams! So shines a good deed in a weary world. - William Shakespeare

I have seen the sun with a little ray of distant light challenge all the powers of darkness, and without violence and noise, climbing up the hill, hath made night so retire that its memory was lost in the joys and sprightliness of the morning. - Jeremy Taylor

I will love the light for it shows me the way. Yet I will endure the darkness for it shows me the stars. - OG Mandino

If you look in the eyes of the young, you see flame. If you look in the eyes of the old, you see light. - Victor Hugo

If you want light to come into your life, you need to stand where it is shining. - Guy Finley

In Light there is Dark, and in Dark there is Light. - Kami Garcia

In order for the light to shine so brightly, the darkness must be present. - Sir Francis Bacon

In the right light, at the right time, everything is extraordinary. - Aaron Rose

Keep your face toward the light, and the darkness will never be able to close in on you. - Unknown

Let nothing come between you and the light. - Henry David Thoreau

Life isn't just about darkness or light, rather it's about finding light within the darkness. - Landon Parham

Light a candle, rather than curse the darkness. - Adlai Stevenson

Light is a fluid of sunbeams. - At-Tunikhi

Light is a plastic medium that is the key ingredient shared by every photograph and determines the look of every photograph you make. Light's authority defines the essence of a subject. Light is the glue that holds your image together. - Robert Hirsch

Light is a reality. Darkness is the absence of that reality. Light is a positive force. Darkness is not a force or a presence or a quantity of any kind. It appears only when light disappears. Light is not dependent upon darkness, but darkness is totally dependent upon light. - John W. Sloat

Light is a source of revelation. Regardless of what you might think, it is finding out something that you did not know. Light illuminates your pathway in life. Light allows you to put one thing in front of the other. - Angela Clark

Light is a thing that can be measured. It has a speed of 186,000 miles per second, and it can be investigated in a number of different ways. It has physical properties. It does not have mass – you cannot hold onto it – but nonetheless it can be studied by physicists. It is really there. It is a real thing. Darkness, on the other hand, is nothing. It does not exist. There is nothing to count, nothing to measure, nothing to evaluate. - Harry Lee Poe

Light is good from whatever lamp it shines. - Unknown

Light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make it beautiful. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Light is the symbol of truth. - James Russell Lowell

Light thinks it travels faster than anything but it is wrong. No matter how fast light travels, it finds the darkness has always got there first, and is waiting for it. - Terry Pratchett

Light tomorrow with today. - Elizabeth Barrett Browning

No matter what you’re going through, there’s a light at the end of the tunnel and it may seem hard to get to it but you can do it and just keep working towards it and you’ll find the positive side of things. - Demi Lovato

Of all the marvelous creations of nature, none is more wonderful or more widely diffused than light. - Acton

Once in a while you can get shown the light, in the strangest of places if you look at it right. - Jerry Garcia 

Our moments of light are moments of happiness; in the mind, when it is clear weather it is fine weather. Joubert

People often believed they were safer in the light, thinking monsters only came out at night. - C. J. Roberts

Some days you will be the light for others, and some days you will need some light from them. As long as there is light, there is hope, and there is a way. - Jennifer Gayle

Some people change their ways when they see the light, others when they feel the heat. - Unknown

Sometimes our light goes out, but is blown again into instant flame by an encounter with another human being. - Albert Schweitzer

The light in the world comes principally from two sources, the sun and the student's lamp. - Christian Nestell Bovee

The light of the day is followed by night, as a shadow follows a body. - Aristotle

The path of the righteous ones is like the bright light that is getting lighter and lighter until the day is firmly established. - Unknown

There are two kinds of light – the glow that illumines, and the glare that obscures. - James Thurber

There are two ways of spreading the light: to be the candle or the mirror that reflects it. - Edith Wharton

There is a light that shines beyond all things on earth, beyond the highest, the very highest heavens. This is the light that shines in your heart. - Chandogya Upanishad

There is strong shadow where there is much light. - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

There might not be so much of a difference between the side of Light and the side of Dark as you suppose. After all, without the Dark, there is nothing for the Light to burn away. - Cassandra Clare

To confront a person with his own shadow is to show him his own light. - Carl Jung

We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when adults are afraid of the light. - Plato

We cannot hold a torch to light anothers path without brightening our own. - Ben Sweetland

What is to give light must endure burning. - Viktor E. Frankl

Where there is much light, the shadow is deep. - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

You live through the darkness from what you learned in the light. - Hope MacDonald

Wednesday, 27 March 2013

Smart Boy

Nine-year-old discusses the meaning of life and the universe.

Tuesday, 26 March 2013


The conventional definition of management is getting work done through people, but real management is developing people through work. - Agha Hasan Abedi

Sex is as important as eating or drinking and we ought to allow the one appetite to be satisfied with as little restraint or false modesty as the other. - Marquis De Sade

Serenity comes not alone by removing the outward causes and occasions of fear, but by the discovery of inward reservoirs to draw upon. - Rufus M. Jones

The attempt to silence a man is the greatest honour you can bestow on him. It means that you recognize his superiority to yourself. - Joseph Sobran

The only thing that should surprise us is that there are still some things that can surprise us. - Duc de La Rochefoucauld

Temperance is moderation in the things that are good and total abstinence from the things that are foul. - Frances E. Willard

Sometimes you have to get to know someone really well to realize youre really strangers. - Mary Tyler Moore

It is a sign of strength, not of weakness, to admit that you don't know all the answers. - John P. Lougbrane

Monday, 25 March 2013

Drawing God

A Kindergarten teacher was observing her classroom of children while they drew. She would occasionally walk around to see each child's work. As she got to one little girl who was working diligently, she asked what the drawing was?

The girl replied, "I'm drawing God."

The teacher paused and said, "But no one knows what God looks like."

Without missing a beat, or looking up from her drawing, the girl replied, "They will in a minute."

Sunday, 24 March 2013


Looking for a quote on a particular subject? I have categorized the quotes to make the search easier This 'label' - ZQuotesN - has all the quotes on subjects beginning with the Alphabet N. You might want to search the labels on the right hand side of the page too.


All nature is but art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see; All discord, harmony not understood; All partial evil, universal good; And spite of pride, in erring reasons spite, One truth is clear, Whatever is, is right. - Alexander Pope

Apprentice yourself to nature. Not a day will pass without her opening a new and wondrous world of experience to learn from and enjoy. - Richard W. Langer 

As long as I retain my feeling and my passion for Nature, I can partly soften or subdue my other passions and resist or endure those of others. - Lord Bryon

Come forth into the light of things, let Nature be your teacher. - William Wordsworth  

Everything we eat and use comes from this Earth, and so does the water that we drink or wash in or use for many other purposes. All these things that Nature provides enable us to survive and be happy and peaceful. Nature gives and gives, all the time. - Unknown

He who regards all things as one is a companion of Nature. - Chuang Tzu

Human subtlety will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple or more direct than does Nature, because in her inventions, nothing is lacking and nothing is superfluous. - Leonardo Davinci

I go to nature to be soothed and healed, and to have my senses put in order. - John Burroughs

If not ignored, nature will cultivate in the gardener a sense of well-being and peace. The gardener may find deeper meaning in life by paying attention to the parables of the garden. Nature teaches quiet lessons to the gardener who chooses to live within the paradigm of the garden. - Norman H. Hansen

In nature there are neither rewards nor punishments – there are consequences. Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. - Unknown

It is almost impossible systematically to constitute a natural moral law. Nature has no principles. She furnishes us with no reason to believe that human life is to be respected. Nature, in her indifference, makes no distinction between good and evil. - Anatole France

Let us permit nature to have her way. She understands her business better than we do. - Michel De Montaigne

Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. - Albert Einstein

Nature arms each man with some faculty which enables him to do easily some feat impossible to any other. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Nature cannot be tricked or cheated. She will give up to you the object of your struggles only after you have paid her price. - Napoleon Hill

Nature does not hurry, yet everything is accomplished. - Lao Tzu

Nature is not mute, it is Man that is deaf. - Terence McKenna

Nature has made us frivolous to console us for our miseries. - Unknown

Nature has painted for us, day after day, pictures of infinite beauty. - Unknown

Nature herself has never attempted to effect great changes rapidly. - Quintilian

Nature is a labyrinth in which the very haste you move with will make you lose your way. - Francis Bacon

Nature is a mutable cloud which is always and never the same. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Nature is always hinting at us. It hints over and over again. And suddenly we take the hint. - Robert Frost

Nature is not human hearted. - Lao Tzu

Nature is party to all our deals and decisions, and she has a longer memory, and a sterner sense of justice than we do. - Wendell Berry

Nature is the most thrifty thing in the world; she never wastes anything; she undergoes change, but theres no annihilationthe essence remains. - Thomas Binney

Nature knows no indecencies; man invents them. - Mark Twain

Nature never did betray the heart that loved her. - William Wordsworth

Nature reacts not only to physical disease, but also to moral weakness; when the danger increases; she gives us greater courage. - Johann Von Goethe

Nature teaches more than she preaches. There are no sermons in stones. It is easier to get a spark out of a stone than a moral. - John Burroughs

Renew your inner energy and refresh your soul by simply taking a few moments each day to reflect upon the beauty and perfection of Nature’s creation. - Unknown

To explain all nature is too difficult a task for any one man or even for any one age. ‘Tis much better to do a little with certainty, and leave the rest for others that come after you, than to explain all things. - Sir Isaac Newton

Whoever has not learned to let Nature have her way is not fit for a gardener, or, for that matter, for a contented soul. - Unknown

With nature's help, humankind can set into creation all that is necessary and life sustaining. - Hildegard Von Bingen

You cannot hold back a good laugh any more than you can the tide. Both are forces of nature. - William Rotsler

You don’t have to be a scientist to learn from Nature’s marvellous creation; you only need to stop long enough to observe and let Nature reveal it’s wonders to you. - Unknown

You only need to stop long enough to observe and let Nature reveal it’s wonders to you. - Unknown

Saturday, 23 March 2013


Climb the mountains and get their good tidings. Nature’s peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees. The winds will blow their own freshness into you, and the storms their energy, while cares will drop off like autumn leaves. - John Muir

Climb the mountain so you can see the world, not so the world can see you. - David McCullough Jr

Every mountain top is within reach if you just keep climbing. - Barry Finlay

If you cannot get through the mountain, go around it. If you cannot go around it, go over it. If you cannot go over it, sit down and ask yourself if getting to the other side is all that important. If it is, set about digging a tunnel. - Unknown

It is not difficult to make a mountain out of a molehill. Just add a little dirt. - Unknown

It's not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. - Edmund Hillary

Mountains are the beginning and the end of all natural scenery. - John Ruskin

Mountains cannot be surmounted except by winding paths. - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The man who removes a mountain begins by carrying away small stones. - William Faulkner

There are many paths to the top of the mountain, but the view is always the same. - Unknown

While most of us will not have the chance to climb the tallest mountain in the world, everyone of us has the power to reach the ‘Mount Everest’ of our life. The task is arduous, but is totally within our power to achieve. - Unknown

Friday, 22 March 2013

Quote Worthy

Keep in mind that neither success nor failure is ever final. - Roger Babson 

A correct answer is like an affectionate kiss. - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Never contend with a man who has nothing to lose. - Baltasar Gracian

To oblige persons often costs little and helps much. - Baltasar Gracian

Irony is the gaiety of reflection and the joy of wisdom. - Anatole France

Avoid the question ‘why me?’ It saves a lot of grief. - Wilhelmina Baird

A man’s venom poisons himself more than his victim. - Charles Buxton

Moving fast is not the same as going somewhere. - Dr. Robert Anthony

It’s not knowing what to do, it’s doing what you know. - Tony Robbins

The little things? The little moments? They aren't little. - John Zabat-Zinn

Thursday, 21 March 2013

Limits / Limitations

A man’s got to know his limitations. - Harry Callahan 

Do not limit yourself just because people will not accept the fact that you can do something else. Do what you want to do, when you can. - Unknown

Do what you can to help people but have the wisdom to accept your limits. - Bryant McGill

Don’t limit yourself. Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. You can go as far as your mind lets you. What you believe, remember, you can achieve. - Mary Kay Ash

Every man takes the limits of his field of vision for the limits of the world. - Arthur Schopenhauer

Free yourself from the limitations others have placed on you and your world will transform. - Unknown 

If you always put limit on everything you do, physical or anything else. It will spread into your work and into your life. There are no limits. There are only plateaus, and you must not stay there, you must go beyond them. - Bruce Lee

It is not that there is no limitation to what we can do; but it is just that we have not the slightest idea where or what our limitations are! - Unknown

Know your limits. Also know how to break them. - Geraint Straker

Limits, like fears, are often just an illusion. - Michael Jordan

Man built most nobly when limitations were at their greatest. - Frank Lloyd Wright

Never say never, because limits, like fears, are often just an illusion. - Michael Jordan

Of course we all have our limits, but how can you possibly find your boundaries unless you explore as far and as wide as you possibly can? I would rather fail in an attempt at something new and uncharted than safely succeed in a repeat of something I have done. - A. E. Hotchner

One finds limits by pushing them. - Herbert Simon

Our firmest convictions are apt to be the most suspect, they mark our limitations and our bounds. Life is a petty thing unless it is moved by the indomitable urge to extend its boundaries. - José Ortega Y Gasset

Stop thinking in terms of limitations and start thinking in terms of possibilities. - Unknown

Stubbornly persist, and you will find that the limits of your stubbornness go well beyond the stubbornness of your limits. - Robert Brault

Take the limits off of yourself. You will never rise higher than your thinking. Create a great vision for your life. - Joel Osteen

The limit is not in the sky, the limit is in the mind. - Unknown

The only real limitation on your abilities is the level of your desires. If you want it badly enough, there are no limits on what you can achieve. - Brian Tracy

The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible. - Arthur C. Clarke

The only way to discover the limits of the possible is to go beyond them into the impossible. - Anthony D'Angelo

There are no limitations to the mind except those we acknowledge. - Napoleon Hill

There are no limits. There are plateaus, but you must not stay there, you must go beyond them. If it kills you, it kills you. A man must constantly exceed his level. - Bruce Lee

There are no limits on our future if we do not put limits on our people. - Unknown

What you are able to think and perceive, defines the limitation of what you are able to achieve. - Richard Bartlett

When a man has put a limit on what he will do, he has put a limit on what he can do. - Charles M. Schwab

You can't put a limit on anything. The more you dream, the farther you get. - Michael Phelps

You have powers you never dreamed of. You can do things you never thought you could do. There are no limitations in what you can do except the limitations of your own mind. - Darwin Kingsley

Your only limitation is the only one you set up in your own mind. - Napoleon Hill

Wednesday, 20 March 2013

Video Clips

Five-year-old drives this digger like a pro

The battery man

Tuesday, 19 March 2013

Quote Worthy

If we attend continually and promptly to the little that we can do, we shall ere long be surprised to find how little remains that we cannot do. - Samuel Butler

You can fool all the people some of the time and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time. - Abraham Lincoln

What seems to be generosity is often no more than disguised ambition, which overlooks a small interest in order to secure a great one. - Duc de La Rochefoucauld

Culture, the acquainting ourselves with the best that has been known and said in the world, and thus with the history of the human spirit. - Matthew Arnold 

Before the calm there is often the storm; before understanding, the doubt; and before peace, the conflict. - Wong Siew Kit

Consistency is contrary to nature, contrary to life. The only completely consistent people are dead. - Aldous Huxley

And he that will not apply new Remedies, must expect new Evils; For Time is the greatest innovator. - Francis Bacon

We are all designed for a specific purpose; we all have something for which each of us, and each of us alone, is responsible. - Naomi Stephan

Monday, 18 March 2013

Drink Up The Five Big Benefits Of Tea

Experts share the latest research on the health effects of the aromatic beverage.
Lea Wee reports

A cup of tea wakes you up in the morning, rounds off an evening meal and, well, they do not call it teatime for nothing.

Now, it has been further confirmed that tea leaves steeped in boiling water are good for health as well.

Tea is good for hydration, said Ms Wong Yuefan, a senior dietician at the National Healthcare Group Polyclinics.

It also helps keep a person’s weight under control and his mind mentally sharp.

Researchers from Singapore and overseas have also found that tea contains chemical components such as catechins that may prevent diseases.
Here are h five main health benefits of tea.

1. Hydration
Tea is a calories-free beverage which is good for hydration, said Ms Wong. She said: “It is common myth that tea acts as a diuretic and may be dehydrating because of its caffeine content.”

A cup of tea contains about 40 to 60mg of caffeine. A cup of coffee contains more- about 60 to 180 mg of caffeine.

The daily recommended caffeine intake for a healthy adult is not more than 300mg or about five cups of tea, said Ms Wong.

Research shows that this amount of caffeine does not lead to dehydration.

Caffeine has a diuretic effect only if a person takes more than 500 to 600 mg of it a day, said Ms Wong.

People who drink caffeinated beverages also typically develop a tolerance to caffeine, she said. Hence, any initial diuretic effect is diminished over time.

2. Weight management
Tea, when served without milk or sugar, contains virtually no calories, said Ms Wong

This makes tea an ideal choice for people who wish to maintain a healthy weight.

There is also some evidence that catechins, a group of flavonoids found in high quantities in green tea and, to a lesser extent, in black tea, may be useful in preventing obesity and other lifestyle-related diseases, said Ms Wong.

A 2005 study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that daily consumption of tea containing a total of 690mg of catechins for 12 weeks can help to reduce body fat.

Of course, this applies only to tea which has no sugar or milk added to it.

3. Mental alertness
Studies show that black tea has a positive effect on a person’s levels of mental alertness.

The key ingredient is said to be L-theanine, an amino acid found only in tea leaves. Each cup of black tea contain 5 to 23mg of L-theanine, depending on the blend and brewing method.

Studies show that drinking two to there cups of tea increases alpha brain activity gradually over time with its effect becoming apparent after 80 minutes and lasting as long as 105 minutes.

Alpha brain waves occur when people are in a state of physical and mental relaxation, but are aware of what is happening around them.

A rise in alpha brain activity is associated with an increase in alertness.

4. Cognitive performance
A 2010 study on more than 700 Chinese adults in Singapore by the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore found that tea(black, oolong and green tea) was associated with better cognitive performance, including memory, executive function and information processing speed.

The authors said in their paper published in the Journal of Nutrition, Health and Ageing, that this could be due to the synergistic effect of many of its chemical components, such as theanine, flavonoids (catechines) and vitamin C.

5. Cancer and Parkinson’s disease
Laboratory research has shown that catechins found in green and black tea may prevent the onset and progression of cancer.

A study of 63,000 middle aged and elderly Chinese Singaporeans in the Singapore Chinese Health Study – conducted by Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore between 1993 and 2007 – showed that women who drink green tea daily could possibly have  a lower risk of breast cancer.

Also, men and women who drink black daily had a lower incidence of Parkinson’s disease and possibly diabetes.

Parkinson’s disease is a neuro-degenerative disorder that often leads to tremors and problems with balance, walking and coordination.

A separate team of researchers from the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine and National Neuroscience Institute later identified a component in green tea, a catechin call EGCG, that provides cellular protection against Parkinson’s disease.

The researchers, who published their findings in the Journal of Neuroscience, said their findings hold promise for the development of more effective drugs fro patients afflicted with this debilitating disorder.